#2: 1963

 

   


  JEAN RABIER

 

Born: 16 March 1927, Montfort-l'Amaury, France, as Jean Bernard Rabier.

Died: 15 February 2016, Port-de-Bouc, France.

Career: Began as industrial artist. After meeting Prof. Marc Cantagrel, a dir of technical films, he joined the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], Paris, in 1944 where he helped to prepare the courses and practicals. Became c.op in 1947.

His daughter Jeannine and his son Jean-Marc were  his c.asst.



Jean Rabier has been most consistently and significantly associated with the films of Claude Chabrol. Although Rabier has worked in black-and-white, providing nicely atmospheric images in films such as 'Ophélia', his most integrated work is undoubtedly in Chabrol's color films. Rabier's cinematography is distinguished at once by its incredible beauty and expressiveness, as well as by its lack of the kind of boring picture-postcard prettiness which is all too often associated with color cinematography.

In Rabier's best work for Chabrol, the cinematography is totally at the service of the director's theme: thus, in 'La femme infidèle', in which Chabrol depicts the violence and passion hidden within the apparently civilized bourgeoisie, Rabier emphasizes the beautiful patina of that bourgeoisie: the sheen of crystal, the impressionistic soft-focus prettiness of flower arrangements and manicured yard, and particularly the extraordinarily photographed face of Stéphane Audran, who is turned into an exquisite bourgeois goddess.

In 'Le boucher', Rabier's cinematography of the small-town landscape resembles nothing so much as a Cézanne painting; some of the film's final images, in which Rabier purposely drains his palette to photograph Audran's eyes as pools of light surrounded by darkness, reveal the influence of American film noir and never fail to move. As in 'La décade prodigieuse/Ten Days' Wonder', an explosion of color is present also in the climax of 'La rupture', in which Audran's gradual movement to blue and transcendence is captured visually by Rabier with the use of an increasingly longer lens, and, ultimately, a liberating rupture of laboratory-processed color which is one of the most memorable displays of virtuosity in all New Wave cinema. And yet this mastery of color expressiveness is achieved alongside a sense of improvisation and of natural light.

Finally, one must note as well the mobility of Rabier's camera, which - undoubtedly as a result of his collaboration with Chabrol and the requirements of the mise-en-scène - uses a wide variety of angles and perspectives and often constructs whole scenes around incredibly fluid and expressive camera movements. One immediately thinks of the final tracking shot of 'La femme infidèle', or the moving camera expressing the father's grief in 'Que la bête meure', or the very impressive tracking shot of several minutes' duration in the beginning of 'Le boucher' which effortlessly reveals the layout of the town. Perhaps the signature image of Rabier and Chabrol is the expressive lateral camera movement into or away from dark trees, which, generally surrounded by beautiful color images, works to convey visually the epigraph of 'La rupture' and the theme implicit in all Chabrol's work: 'What an utter darkness suddenly surrounds me!' - the darkness of the soul blotting out the color and beauty of the world. [Charles Derry on the filmreference.com website.]


 

 FILMS

1952

Crève-coeur [Jacques Dupont] c; doc/90m; cph: Henri Decaë; started as c.op, but replaced H. Decaë as ph after Decaë was wounded in an explosion and had to return to Paris

1960

Les godelureaux/Wise Guys [Claude Chabrol] b&w

1961

Cléo de 5 à 7/Cleo from 5 to 7 [Agnès Varda] b&w + c (titles over tarot game); (c.op: Alain Levent)

1961

Les sept péchés capitaux/The Seven Deadly Sins/Seven Capital Sins [1. Sylvain Dhomme & MaxDouy ('La colère'), 2. Edouard Molinaro ('L'envie'), 3. Jean-Luc Godard ('La paresse'), 4. Jacques Demy ('La luxure'), 5. Roger Vadim ('L'orgueil'), 6. Philippe de Broca ('La gourmandise') & 7. Claude Chabrol ('L'avarice')] ds/b&w; 7 seg; ph seg 7; other ph: Jean Penzer (seg 1 & 6), Louis Miaille (seg 2) & Henri Decaë (seg 3-5) 

1961

L'oeil du malin/The Third Lover [Claude Chabrol] b&w

1961

Ophélia [Claude Chabrol] b&w; filmed 1961-62

1962

Laviamoci il cervello - ROGOPAG [1. Roberto ROssellini ('Illibatezza'), 2. Jean-Luc GOdard ('Il nuovo mondo/Le nouveau monde'), 3. Pier Paolo PAsolini ('La ricotta') & 4. Ugo Gregoretti ('Il pollo ruspante')] b&w + c (titles and 2 crucifixion scenes 'La ricotta' + end titles film); ph seg 2 (20m); other ph: Luciano Trasatti (seg 1), Tonino Delli Colli (seg 3) & Mario Bernardo (seg 4)

1962

Landru/Bluebeard [Claude Chabrol] c

1962

La baie des anges/Bay of Angels [Jacques Demy] b&w

1963

Peau de banane/Banana Peel [Marcel Ophuls] fs/b&w

1963

Les plus belles escroqueries du monde/Le più belle truffe del mondo/The Beautiful Swindlers [1. Hiromichi Horikawa ('Les cinq bienfaiteurs de Fumiko'), 2. Roman Polanski ('La rivière de diamants'), 3. Ugo Gregoretti ('La feuille du route'), 4. Claude Chabrol ('L'homme qui vendit la Tour Eiffel') & 5. Jean-Luc Godard ('Le grand escroc')] fs/b&w-c; 5 seg; ph seg 4; other ph: Asakazu Nakai (seg 1), Jerzy Lipman (seg 2), Tonino Delli Colli (seg 3) & Raoul Coutard (seg 5)

 

With Catherine Deneuve and Jacques Demy

"Les parapluies de Cherbourg"

 

1963

Les parapluies de Cherbourg/The Umbrellas of Cherbourg [Jacques Demy] us/c; 'For, it's in Jean Rabier's lushly luminous, Eastman-colored cinematography, in concert with Bernard Evein's deliciously decorated set design, where the film all but visually 'hums' as a tonal symphony. Entire scenes display color-coordinated characters, boldly and beautifully blending in with their surrounding environs and wall-papered interiors, in what often resemble Matisse and Dufy canvases, come magically and movingly to life, right down to a kind of vibrantly two-dimensional perspectivity.' [Peter H. Kemp on the 'senses of cinema' website.]

1964

Le tigre aime la chair fraîche/Code Name: Tiger/The Tiger Likes Fresh Meat [Claude Chabrol] b&w

1964

As ilhas encantadas/Les îles enchantées/Enchanted Isles [Carlos Vilardebó] c; (c.op: Augusto Cabrita)

 

 

1964

Le bonheur/Happiness [Agnès Varda] c; cph: Claude Beausoleil; restored in 1996 & 2005

1964

Paris vu par.../Six in Paris [1. Jean Douchet ('Saint-Germain-des-Prés'), 2. Jean Rouch ('Gare du Nord'), 3. Jean-Daniel Pollet ('Rue Saint-Denis'), 4. Éric Rohmer ('Place de l'Étoile'), 5. Jean-Luc Godard ('Montparnasse et Levallois') & 6. Claude Chabrol ('La Muette')] 16mm-35bu/c; 6 seg; ph seg 6 (16m); cph: Albert Maysles; other ph: Nestor Almendros (seg 1, cph seg 4 & addph seg 5), Étienne Becker (seg 2 & cph seg 4), Alain Levent (seg 3 & cph seg 4) & Albert Maysles (seg 5 & cph seg 6)

1965

Marie-Chantal contre Dr. Kha/Blue Panther/Marie-Chantal vs. Doctor Kha [Claude Chabrol] c

1965

Le tigre se parfume à la dynamite/Our Agent Tiger [Claude Chabrol] c

1966

La ligne de démarcation/Line of Demarcation [Claude Chabrol] b&w

1966

Le scandale/The Champagne Murders [Claude Chabrol] ts/c

1966

Un idiot à Paris/Idiot in Paris [Serge Korber] ts/c

1967

Happening (un événement) [Marc Boureau] c

1967

La route de Corinthe/Who's Got the Black Box? [Claude Chabrol] c

1967

La petite vertu/A Little Virtuous [Serge Korber] c

1967

Les biches/Bad Girls [Claude Chabrol] c

1968

La femme infidèle/The Unfaithful Wife [Claude Chabrol] c

1969

Que la bête meure/This Man Must Die [Claude Chabrol] c

1969

Le boucher/The Butcher [Claude Chabrol] c

1969

L'homme orchestre/The One Man Band [Serge Korber] fs/c; filmed 1969-70

1970

La rupture/The Breach/The Breakup [Claude Chabrol] c

1970

De la part des copains/Cold Sweat [Terence Young] c

1970

Juste avant la nuit/Just Before Midnight [Claude Chabrol] c; filmed 1970-71

1971

La décade prodigieuse/Ten Days' Wonder [Claude Chabrol] c

1972

Docteur Popaul/Play Now, Pay Later/High Heels [Claude Chabrol] c

1972

Les noces rouges/Wedding in Blood [Claude Chabrol] c

1973

nada/Nada/The Nada Gang [Claude Chabrol] c

1974

Une partie de plaisir/Pleasure Party [Claude Chabrol] c

1974

Les innocents aux mains sales/Innocents with Dirty Hands [Claude Chabrol] c

1975

Les magiciens/Death Rite [Claude Chabrol] c

1975

Folies bourgeoises/The Twist [Claude Chabrol] c; filmed 1975-76

1976

Alice ou la dernière fugue/Alice or the Last Escapade [Claude Chabrol] c

1977

Blood Relatives/Les liens de sang [Claude Chabrol] c

1977

Violette Nozière/Violette [Claude Chabrol] c

1980

Le cheval d'orgueil/The Horse of Pride [Claude Chabrol] c

1982

Les fantômes du chapelier/The Hatter's Ghost [Claude Chabrol] c

1984

Poulet au vinaigre/Cop Au Vin/Chicken with Vinegar [Claude Chabrol] c

1985

Inspecteur Lavardin [Claude Chabrol] c

1986

Masques/Masks [Claude Chabrol] c

1987

Le cri du hibou/The Cry of the Owl [Claude Chabrol] c

1987

À notre regrettable époux [Serge Korber] c

1987

En toute innocence/No Harm Intended [Alain Jessua] c

1988

Une affaire de femme/Story of Women [Claude Chabrol] c

1989

Jours tranquilles à Clichy/Quiet Days in Clichy [Claude Chabrol] c

1989

Dr. M/Club Extinction [Claude Chabrol] c; addph: Martin Kukula, Alexander Honisch, Régis Bonvillain & Peter Arnold

1990

Madame Bovary [Claude Chabrol] c

 

 SHORTS & DOCUMENTARIES

1951

L'éveil d'un monde [Jacques Dupont] b&w; doc/?m; cph: Edmond Séchan

1951

La grande case/The Long House [Jacques Dupont] 16mm/b&w; doc/25m; cph: Edmond Séchan

1951

Okoumé [Jacques Dupont] 16mm/b&w; doc/15m; cph: Edmond Séchan

1951

Palmes [Jacques Dupont] 16mm/b&w; doc/15m; cph: Edmond Séchan

1951

Trains sans fumée [Marc Cantagrel] ?; doc/?m; cph: Marcel Paulis

1952

Voilà nous! [Jacques Dupont] 16mm/b&w; doc/16m; cph: Edmond Séchan

1953

La banque [Carlos Vilardebó] ?; doc/420mtr

1953

Les araignées rouges [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1953

Le cercle enchanté [Marc de Gastyne] 16mm/b&w; doc/40m; cph (?): Albert Viguier & Alain Levent

1953

L'homme, notre ami [Marc de Gastyne] ?; doc/30m; cph (?): Claude Beausoleil & Jean-Louis Picavet

1953

Stock-car (À tout casser!) [Jacques Dupont] ?; doc/345mtr; cph: Henri Decaë

1953

La vie au moyen-âge [Carlos Vilardebó] ?; doc (4 seg)/480mtr

1954

Le carpocapse des pommes [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1954

Les pucérons [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1954

La travelure du pommier et du poirier [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1955

La débrouillage chimique [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1955

La tordeuse orientale [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1955

Les vers de la grappe [André Tadié & Henri Lacoste] ?; doc/?m; cph: A. Tadié

1956

Israël... terre retrouvée [Marc de Gastyne] ?; doc/28m; cph: Henri Decaë

1956

Propre à rien/Good for Nothing [Marc de Gastyne] c; short/25m; cph: Henri Decaë

1957

Robinson [Marc de Gastyne] 16mm/c; short/35m; cph: Henri Decaë

1960

Naissance de mille villages [Carlos Vilardebó] c; ?/18m; cph: Jean-Marie Maillols & Roger Montéran

1960

Soleils [Carlos Vilardebó] ?; doc/397mtr; cph: Jean-Marie Maillols & Robert Carmet

1961

Les fiancés du pont Mac Donald ou (Méfiez-vous des lunettes noires) [Agnès Varda] 16mm-35bu/b&w/silent (only music); short/5m; also featured in 'Cléo de 5 à 7'

1961

Orchestre et diamants [Jacques Rancy] ?; short/510mtr

1961

L'énergie est à vous/L'énergie et vous/Energie en u [Henri Storck] c; comm doc/20m (also shown on 4 screens; 4x 5m); incl excerpts from films by Bert Haanstra, Herman van der Horst, Emile Degelin & Roger Leenhardt; prod for the EEC

1962

Plastiques/Plastieken [Henri Storck] c; comm doc/34m; cph: Jean Penzer; also shorter version: 'Matières nouvelles/Nieuwe stoffen' (1964/17m); for Solvay et Cie.

1962

Six petites bougies [Roger Cotten] ?; doc/19m

1962

La dormeuse [Maurice Pons] ?; short/20m; cph: Michel Humeau

1964

[Le] [Un] fratricide [Charles Belmont] ?; short/12m

1969

Chartres, ville d'art [Marc de Gastyne] c; doc/16m

1970

Pitié pour la France de demain [Marc de Gastyne] c; doc/600mtr

1973

La France de demain [Marc de Gastyne] c; doc/400mtr

1977

Swingmen in Europe [Jean Mazeas] c; mus doc/90m

1991

Petite trainée de pinceau [Laurent Frizon] c; short/10m

 

 TELEVISION

1973

Nouvelles de Henry James [ep #1 'Le banc de la désolation' dir by Claude Chabrol] 6-part series, 1974 & 1976

1974

Histoires insolites [ep #1 'Monsieur Bébé', #2 'Les gens de l'été', #3 'Une invitation à la chasse' & #4 'Nul n'est parfait' dir by Claude Chabrol] 12-part series/16mm, 1974 & 1979; 1st season, 1974

1974

Nouvelles de Henry James [ep #2 'De Grey [- un récit romanesque]' dir by Claude Chabrol] aired 1976; see 1973

1978

Madame le juge [ep #5 '2+2=4' dir by Claude Chabrol] 6-part series, 1978

1978

Histoires insolites [ep #11 'La boucle d'oreille' dir by Claude Chabrol] 2nd season, 1979; see 1974

1979

Fantômas [ep #1 'L'échafaud magique' & #4 'Le tramway fantôme' dir by Claude Chabrol] 4-part miniseries, 1980; other ph: Claude Robin

1981

Histoires extraordinaires [ep #5 (55m) 'Le système du docteur Goudron et du professeur Plume' dir by Claude Chabrol] 6-part series

1981

Les affinités électives [Claude Chabrol] tvm/120m/16mm (1982)

1982

La danse de mort [Claude Chabrol] tvm

1982

M. le maudit [Claude Chabrol] tvm/b&w/11m/16mm; ep of series 'Ciné-Parade'; uses some original footage from Fritz Lang's 'M'

1986

Florence ou La vie de château [Serge Korber] 6-part series, 1987

1988

Les dossiers secrets de l'inspecteur Lavardin [ep 'L'escargot noir' dir by Claude Chabrol] 4-part series, 1988-90; other ph: Pascal Marti

1989

Les dossiers secrets de l'inspecteur Lavardin [ep 'Maux croisés' dir by Claude Chabrol] see 1988

1990

Night of the Fox [Charles Jarrott] tvm

 

 FILMS AS CAMERA ASSISTANT/OPERATOR

1947

Paysans noirs/Famoro le tyran/Black Peasant [Georges Régnier] c.op; ph: Roger Arrignon

1952

L'or des Pharaons/Le masque de Tout Ankh Amon/L'or du Nil [Marc de Gastyne; doc] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë; unreleased

1953

La beauté de l'effort [Marc de Gastyne; doc] 1st c.asst; ph: Henri Decaë

1953

Boum sur Paris [Maurice de Canonge] c.asst; ph: Jean Bachelet

1956

S.O.S. Noronha [Georges Rouquier] c.asst; ph: Henri Decaë

1957

Ascenseur pour l'échafaud/Elevator to the Gallows/Frantic [Louis Malle] 1st c.asst; ph: Henri Decaë

1957

Le beau Serge/Handsome Serge [Claude Chabrol] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1958

Les amants/The Lovers [Louis Malle] c.asst; ph: Henri Decaë

1958

Les cousins/The Cousins [Claude Chabrol] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1958

Les quatre cents coups/The 400 Blows [François Truffaut] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1959

Un témoin dans la ville [Edouard Molinaro] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1959

À double tour/Web of Passion/Leda [Claude Chabrol] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1959

Plein soleil/Purple Noon/Lust for Evil/Blazing Sun [René Clément] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1959

Les bonnes femmes/The Good Time Girls/Girls... Girls!! [Claude Chabrol] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë

1961

Léon Morin, prêtre/Léon Morin, Priest [Jean-Pierre Melville] c.op; ph: Henri Decaë