GREAT CINEMATOGRAPHERS


 

   


PHILIP LATHROP

 

Born: 22 October 1912, Merced, Calif., USA, as Philip H. Lathrop.

Died: 12 April 1995, Los Angeles, Calif., USA.

Career: Entered the industry in 1934 as film loader in the camera department at Universal Studios. In 1938 he became 2nd asst working with doph Joseph Valentine. Became c.op working with doph Russell Metty for 9 years. Became doph in 1957 shooting live-action seq at Walter Lantz' animation studio.

Was a member of the ASC.

Awards: 'Oscar' AA nom [1964; b&w] for 'The Americanization of Emily'; 'Oscar' AA nom [1974] for 'Earthquake'; 'Emmy' Award nom [1984] for 'Celebrity' [part III]; 'Emmy' Award [1985] for 'Malice in Wonderland'; 'Emmy' Award nom [1986] for 'Picking Up the Pieces'; 'Emmy' Award [1987] & ASC Award [1988] for 'Christmas Snow'; 'Emmy' Award nom [1988] & ASC Award [1989] for 'Little Girl Lost'; ASC Lifetime Achievement Award [1992]; SOC Award [1999; posthumously] for the opening scene of 'Touch of Evil'.



Philip H. Lathrop began his career as camera operator on the Irving Reis film 'All My Sons', working with cinematographer Russell Metty as he did ten years later on Orson Welles's 'A Touch of Evil'. The two pictures, in particular the film which marked Welles's return to Hollywood in 1957, proved a valuable training ground for Lathrop, whose own career as a director of photography took off in the same year. In his long career, Lathrop developed a reputation for his detailed approach to lighting and camera placement, and for his skill with widescreen technology in beautifully photographed films such as Blake Edwards's 'The Pink Panther' [1963]. Lathrop worked several times with Edwards, and the reliable, though not always very inspiring films on which they collaborated are notable for the quality of their photography.

Lathrop's most impressive work as a cinematographer came in the 1960s. His particular visual style seemed to epitomize the times, giving a glossy, dense feel to tough films like John Boorman's excellent thriller, 'Point Blank', and a dreamy atmosphere to strange comic offerings like 'The Americanization of Emily', for which he received an Oscar nomination. 'The Cincinnati Kid', which stars Edward G. Robinson and Steve McQueen as opposing poker players 'The Man' and 'The Kid', displays Lathrop's skills at their best, creating a shiny, disconcerting surface to the images that is not unlike the 'Photorealist' paintings that became popular at the same time. Ten years later, Lathrop's style gave an air of quality to films at the end of their era, such as Sam Peckinpah's 'The Killer Elite'. Lathrop went on to be involved in several well-regarded projects, yet in the 1970s most of his work was on films that have since come to embody Hollywood's shortcomings in that period. Commercial movies such as the 'Airport' series of films, and disaster movies such as 'Earthquake' [for which Lathrop received his second Oscar nomination] almost became parodies of themselves with their ever more improbable story lines and predictable dramatic twists.

Lathrop's talent was largely stifled by the demands of the studios in the 1970s, and opportunities for outstanding photography became increasingly limited. Yet despite the overall weakness of the commercial projects he was involved with later in his career, Lathrop's work remained of a high standard, often rescuing films with little else to recommend them. Although he ended his career with a series of limp TV movies, Lathrop will be remembered for his contribution to the 'look' of Hollywood cinema in the 1960s. [From article by Chris Routledge on the filmreference.com website.]


 

 FILMS

1957

Money, Women and Guns [Richard Bartlett] cs/c

1957

Wild Heritage/Death Rides His Trail [Charles Haas] cs/c

1957

Girls on the Loose [Paul Henreid] b&w

1957

Live Fast, Die Young [Paul Henreid] b&w; spph: Clifford Stine

1958

The Monster of Piedras Blancas [Irvin Berwick] b&w

1958

Cry Tough [Paul Stanley] b&w; cph: Irving Glassberg

1958

The Saga of Hemp Brown [Richard Carlson] cs/c

1958

The Perfect Furlough/Strictly for Pleasure [Blake Edwards] cs/c; spph: Clifford Stine

1959

The Private Lives of Adam and Eve [Albert Zugsmith & Mickey Rooney] b&w (present) & c (fantasy seq)

1960

Breakfast at Tiffany's [Blake Edwards] c; uncred cph; ph: Franz Planer

1961

Lonely Are the Brave [David Miller] p/b&w

1961

Experiment in Terror/Grip of Fear [Blake Edwards] b&w

1962

Days of Wine and Roses [Blake Edwards] b&w

1962

Dime with a Halo [Boris Sagal] b&w

1963

The Pink Panther [Blake Edwards] tr (+ 70bu)/c

1963

Twilight of Honor/The Charge Is Murder [Boris Sagal] p/b&w

1963

Soldier in the Rain [Ralph Nelson] b&w

1963

The Americanization of Emily/Emily [Arthur Hiller] b&w; addph: Christopher Challis; spec vfx: J. McMillan Johnson

1964

36 Hours [George Seaston] p/b&w

1964

Girl Happy [Boris Sagal] p/c

1964

In Harm's Way [Otto Preminger] p/b&w; 2uc; ph: Loyal Griggs

1964

The Cincinnati Kid [Norman Jewison (replaced Sam Peckinpah)] c

1965

Never Too Late [Bud Yorkin] p/c; 2uc: Ed Horton

1965

What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? [Blake Edwards] p/c; 2uc: Harold Wellman

 

[Left] with dir Elliot Silverstein - "The Happening"

 

1966

The Happening [Elliot Silverstein] c; 2uc: Howard Winner

1966

Don't Make Waves [Alexander Mackendrick] p/c; skydiving ph: Bob Buquor

1966

Gunn [Blake Edwards] c

1966

Point Blank [John Boorman] p/c

1967

Finian's Rainbow [Francis Ford Coppola] p70/c

1968

I Love You, Alice B. Toklas!/Kiss My Butterfly [Hy Averback] c

1968

The Illustrated Man [Jack Smight] p/c

1968

The Gypsy Moths [John Frankenheimer] c; aph: Carl Boenisch

1969

They Shoot Horses, Don't They? [Sydney Pollack] p/c

1969

The Hawaiians/Master of the Islands [Tom Gries] p/c; cph: Lucien Ballard (replaced by P. Lathrop)

1969

The Traveling Executioner [Jack Smight] p/c

1970

Rabbit, Run [Jack Smight] p/c

1970

The All-American Boy [Charles Eastman] p/c

1971

Wild Rovers [Blake Edwards] p/c; 106m & 136m; 2uc: Frank Stanley

 

[Left] with Ernest Lehman [pointing] "Portnoy's Complaint"

Photo Thys Ockersen Archive

 

1971

Portnoy's Complaint [Ernest Lehman] p/c

1971

Every Little Crook and Nanny [Cy Howard] c

1972

The Thief Who Came to Dinner [Bud Yorkin] c

1972

Lolly-Madonna XXX/The Lolly-Madonna War [Richard Sarafian] p/c

1973

Mame [Gene Saks] p/c; spec pfx: Albert Whitlock

1973

Together Brothers [William A. Graham] c; cph: Charles Rosher Jr.

1973

The Prisoner of Second Avenue [Melvin Frank] p/c

 

"Earthquake"

 

1974

Earthquake [Mark Robson] p/c; miniature ph: Clifford Stine; spec pfx: Albert Whitlock

1974

Airport 1975 [Jack Smight] p/c; 2uc: Rex Metz; Washington ph: Richard Kratina

1974

Hard Times/The Streetfighter [Walter Hill] p/c

1975

The Killer Elite [Sam Peckinpah] p/c; 2uc: Duke Callaghan

1975

The Black Bird [David Giler] c

1976

Swashbuckler/The Scarlet Buccaneer [James Goldstone] p/c; spec pfx: Albert Whitlock

1976

Airport '77 [Jerry Jameson] p/c; 2uc: Rexford Metz

1977

The Driver [Walter Hill] p/c; 91m & 131m

1977

A Different Story [Paul Aaron] c; 2uc: Michael Werk

1978

Moment by Moment [Jane Wagner] p/c

1978

Foolin' Around [Richard T. Heffron] c

1978

The Concorde - Airport '79/Airport '80: The Concorde/S.O.S. Concorde [David Lowell Rich] c; spph: Clifford Stine

1979

Little Miss Marker [Walter Bernstein] c

1979

Loving Couples [Jack Smight] c

1980

A Change of Seasons [Richard Lang & (uncred) Noel Black] c; 2uc: Dick Kratina, Rexford Metz & Joe Jackman; ski ph: Scott Miller

1980

All Night Long [Jean-Claude Tramont] c

1981

Hammett [Wim Wenders (replaced Nicolas Roeg)] c; ph reshoots (1981); ph: Joseph Biroc (1980)

1982

[National Lampoon's] Class Reunion [Michael Miller] c

1982

Jekyll & Hyde... Together Again [Jerry Belson] c

1986

Deadly Friend [Wes Craven] c

1987

Ray's Male Heterosexual Dance Hall [Bryan Gordon] c; short/23m

 

 TELEVISION

1957

The Woody Woodpecker Show [various] anim + live-action series, 1957-58 (ABC-tv); live-action ph (host seq ?)

 

 

1958

Peter Gunn [ep #1 'The Kill' dir by Blake Edwards + ep #11-13, #15-26 & #29-38 dir by various] 114-part detective series/b&w, 1958-60 (NBC-tv) & 1960-61 (ABC-tv); 1st season, 1958-59; other ph: Arthur Arling & Maury Gertsman

1958

Rawhide [ep #1 'Incident of the Tumbleweed Wagon' dir by Richard Whorf (RW), #2 'Incident at Alabaster Plain' dir by RW, #3 'Incident with an Executioner' dir by Charles Marquis Warren (CMW), #4 'Incident of the Widowed Dove' dir by Ted Post (TP), #5 'Incident on the Edge of Madness' dir by Andrew V. McLaglen (AVM), #6 'Incident of the Power and the Plow' dir by AVM, #8 'Incident West of Lano' dir by CMW, #9 'Incident of the Town in Terror' dir by TP & #10 'Incident of the Golden Calf' dir by Jesse Hibbs] 217-part western series/b&w, 1959-66 (CBS-tv); 1st season, 1959; other ph: John M. Nickolaus Jr.

1958

Steve Canyon [11 ep dir by various] 34-part adventure series/b&w, 1958-59 (NBC-tv); other ph: Paul Ivano (pilot), Arthur Arling (16 ep), Kenneth Peach (3 ep), Maury Gertsman (2 ep) & Russell Metty (1 ep)

1959

Mr. Lucky [ep #1 'The Magnificent Bribe' dir by Blake Edwards + 33 ep dir by various] 34-part adventure series/b&w, 1959-60 (CBS-tv)

1959

The Swamp Fox [ep #1 'The Birth of the Swamp Fox' dir by Harry Keller (HK) & #2 'Brother Against Brother' dir by HK] 8-part 'Walt Disney Presents - Frontierland'-series, 1959-61; other ph: Gordon Avil (2 ep), Floyd Crosby (2 ep) & Lucien Ballard (2 ep)

1959

Peter Gunn [ep #41, #43-50, #52-54 & #56-76 dir by various] 2nd season, 1959-60; other ph: Ellis Carter, Harkness Smith, a.o.; see 1958

1960

Hong Kong [ep #1 'Clear for Action' dir by Ida Lupino + 23 ep dir by various] unaired pilot + 26-part adventure series/b&w, 1960-61 (ABC-tv); other ph: Ted McCord, Frank Phillips & Robert Hauser

1960

Perry Mason [ep #4.23 'The Case of the Torrid Tapestry' dir by John English & #4.24 'The Case of the Violent Vest' dir by Lewis Allen] 271-part lawyer series/b&w, 1957-66 (CBS-tv); 4th season, 1960-61; other ph: Robert Hager, Frank Redman, John M. Nickolaus Jr., a.o.

1962

Hooray for Love [Jerry Hopper] unsold pilot/b&w; shown on CBS-tv 'Vacation Playhouse' (ep #8, September 1963)

 

 

1962

Combat! [ep #11 (originally the pilot) 'A Day in June' dir by Boris Sagal] 152-part war drama series/b&w-c, 1962-67 (ABC-tv); 1st season/b&w, 1962-63; other ph: Robert Hauser & Emmett Bergholz

1963

The Greatest Showman [Boris Sagal] special on dir Cecil B. DeMille; for NBC-tv

1964

Profiles in Courage [ep dir by various] 26-part biography series/b&w, 1964-65 (NBC-tv)

1975

Three for the Road [pilot dir by Boris Sagal] 13-part adventure series, 1975 (CBS-tv)

1975

What Now, Catherine Curtis? [Charles Walters] special/50m (3 seg: 'First Night', 'First Affair' & 'First Love')

1976

Never Con a Killer/The Feather & Father Gang [Buzz Kulik] tvm; cph: David M. Walsh

1977

Captains Courageous [Harvey Hart] tvm

1983

Celebrity [Paul Wendkos] 3-part miniseries

1984

Malice in Wonderland/The Rumor Mill [Gus Trikonis] tvm

1985

Between the Darkness and the Dawn [Peter Levin] tvm

1985

Love on the Run [Gus Trikonis] tvm

1985

Picking Up the Pieces/First Strike on Sycamore Lane [Paul Wendkos] tvm

1985

Mr. and Mrs. Ryan [Peter H. Hunt] tvm

1986

Christmas Snow [Gus Trikonis] tvm/60m

1986

The Liberators [Kenneth Johnson] tvm; ep 'Disney Sunday Movie'

1987

Six Against the Rock [Paul Wendkos] tvm

1987

Little Girl Lost [Sharron Miller] tvm; ep 'General Foods Golden Showcase'

 

 FILMS AS CAMERA OPERATOR

1935

East of Java/Java Seas [George Melford] c.asst; ph: Norbert Brodine

1941

Saboteur [Alfred Hitchcock] c.asst; ph: Joseph Valentine; filmed 1941-42

1942

Shadow of a Doubt [Alfred Hitchcock] ph: Joseph Valentine

1946

The Cat Creeps [Erle C. Kenton] c.asst; ph: George Robinson

1947

Letter from an Unknown Woman [Max Ophüls] co-c.asst; ph: Franz Planer

1947

All My Sons [Irving Reis] ph: Russell Metty

1947

Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid [Irving Pichel] co-c.op; ph: Russell Metty; filmed 1947-48

1948

Kiss the Blood Off My Hands/Blood On My Hands [Norman Foster] c.asst; ph: Russell Metty

1948

You Gotta Stay Happy [H.C. Potter] c.asst; ph: Russell Metty

1948

The Lady Gambles [Michael Gordon] co-c.op; ph: Russell Metty; filmed 1948-49

1950

Peggy [Frederick De Cordova] ph: Russell Metty

1950

The Desert Hawk [Frederick De Cordova] ph: Russell Metty

1950

Wyoming Mail [Reginald Le Borg] ph: Russell Metty

1950

Little Egypt/Chicago Masquerade [Frederick De Cordova] ph: Russell Metty

1951

The Raging Tide [George Sherman] ph: Russell Metty

1951

Flame of Araby/Flame of the Desert [Charles Lamont] ph: Russell Metty

1951

The Treasure of Lost Canyon [Ted Tetzlaff] ph: Russell Metty

1951

Bronco Buster [Budd Boetticher] ph: Clifford Stine

1951

Scarlet Angel [Sidney Salkow] ph: Russell Metty

1952

Against All Flags [George Sherman] ph: Russell Metty

1952

Yankee Buccaneer [Frederick De Cordova] ph: Russell Metty

1952

[Willie and Joe] Back at the Front/Willie and Joe in Tokyo [George Sherman] ph: Clifford Stine

1952

Seminole [Budd Boetticher] ph: Russell Metty

1952

The Man from the Alamo [Budd Boetticher] ph: Russell Metty

1952

The Veils of Bagdad [George Sherman] ph: Russell Metty

1952

It Happens Every Thursday [Joseph Pevney] ph: Russell Metty; filmed 1952-53

1955

All That Heaven Allows [Douglas Sirk] ph: Russell Metty

1956

Man Afraid [Harry Keller] ph: Russell Metty

 

P. Lathrop - Charlton Heston - Orson Welles - "Touch of Evil"

 

1957

Touch of Evil [Orson Welles] co-c.op; ph: Russell Metty