GREAT CINEMATOGRAPHERS


#2: [Right] with dir Luis Buñuel

#3: 1945

 

   


GABRIEL FIGUEROA

 

Born: 24 April 1907, Ciudad de México [Mexico City], as Gabriel Figueroa Mateos.

Died: 27 April 1997, Ciudad de México [Mexico City].

Education: Academia de San Carlos [Painting]; Conservatorio Nacional de Música [Violin; unfinished]; Studied still ph with Eduardo Guerrero.

Career: Started in 1932 as still ph for doph Alex Phillips Sr. and, later, became his assistant. During the 1930s he worked as c.op with Gregg Toland, James Wong Howe, Jack Draper, a.o. In 1935 he went to Hollywood to study cinematography with Gregg Toland. After the death of Gregg Toland, he was offered the remainder of Toland's contract with Samuel Goldwyn: five years with another five optioned. He turned it down.

Retired in 1986.

His son Gabriel Figueroa Flores Jr. is a still ph and doph.

In 1997, the Los Angeles Latino IFF named its 'Gabi Lifetime Achievement Award' after Gabriel Figueroa.

Book: 'Conversaciones con Gabriel Figueroa' [1993, Alberto Isaac].

Appeared in the doc's 'On the Trail of the Iguana' [1964, Ross Lowell], 'B. Traven - A Mystery Solved' [1978, Will Wyatt] & 'The Bronze Screen - 100 Years of the Latino Image in American Cinema' [2002, Susan Racho, a.o.].

Awards: Cannes IFF 'Grand Prix International du meilleur operateur' [1946] & Locarno IFF Prize [1947] for 'María Candelaria'; Silver 'Ariel' Award [1947] for 'Enamorada'; Venice IFF 'Best Photography' Award [1947], Silver 'Ariel' Award [1948] & Golden Globe 'Best Cinematography' Award [1948] for 'La perla'; Venice IFF 'Best Photography' Award [1949] for 'La malquerida'; Silver 'Ariel' Award [1949] for 'Río Escondido', [1950] for 'Pueblerina', [1951] for 'Los olvidados', [1953] for 'El rebozo de soledad' & [1954] for 'El niño y la niebla'; 'Oscar' AA nom [1964; b&w] for 'The Night of the Iguana'; Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes [1971]; Golden 'Ariel' Award [1987]; ASC International Award [1995]; AEC Honorary 'Premio Prisma' [1996]; Los Angeles Latino IFF 'Lifetime Achievement Award [1997].

Website: Gabriel Figueroa



Emilio Maillé directed the documentary 'Miradas múltiples - La máquina loca/Multiple Visions - The Crazy Machine' [2012; 94m]. Clips and montages from 33 Mexican films ph by Gabriel Figueroa are discussed by 29 international cinematographers [e.g. Vittorio Storaro, Philippe Rousselot, Anthony Dod Mantle, Raoul Coutard, Janusz Kaminski and Haskell Wexler]. But they also talk about the portrayal of emotion through faces, the expressionist terrain of b&w, and monochrome vs. color. The film becomes a 'master class in cinematographic philosophy' [Variety]. The doc ends with color footage of Figueroa lighting John Huston's 'Under the Volcano' and a 7m sequence of the faces of the 29 interviewees. Here is the trailer.

 

You can watch the complete film here [opens in a new window].


Gabriel Figueroa was born in Mexico City. His mother died giving birth to him, and his father was never able to recover from the loss. Along with his brother Roberto, Gabriel spent his childhood under the care of his aunts on his father's side. In this family environment, Gabriel grew up surrounded by hard-working widows and liberal writers who sympathized with various revolutionary warlords. When the money they inherited from their parents ran out, squandered through the executors' mismanagement, the Figueroa brothers were forced to quit their studies to make a living. Thus, Gabriel, who was studying drawing and music, had to leave the San Carlos Academy and the National Music Conservatory. He then began studying photography with Eduardo Guerrero. Figueroa's training as a photographer spanned from 1927 to 1932. He worked at a studio on Guerrero Street, where people had their picture taken in front of hand-painted backdrops under natural light. Then he found employment with Juan de la Peña, who ran a business founded by several Mexico City photographers who aspired to compete against Russians working on Hidalgo Avenue. [Since they slashed their prices to acquire a clientele, at times Figueroa - whose daily wage was one peso - had to produce up to a hundred oval-shaped portraits a day.]

But it was at the Estudio Fotográfico Brooklyn where the mysteries of photographic techniques were revealed to him. The shop was run by José Guadalupe Velasco, a pioneer in the use of artificial lighting, a grand master in retouching negatives, and a follower of the Bohemian cult for the artistic nude. Famous for his cosmetic tricks - heart-shaped mouths and well-defined eyelashes, amongst others - he had become the favorite of actresses and vaudeville dancers.

Finally, in association with his friend Gilberto Martínez Solares, the young Figueroa opened his own photo studio. Actresses like Sara García or Consuelo Frank, dancers like Issa Marcu and other performers commissioned him for their promotional pictures. In making these portraits - visibly influenced by Pictorialism and Expressionism - Figueroa fine-tuned his craft as a photographer.

These pictures of celebrities and novel aspects of modern life, published in magazines like 'México al día' or 'Filmográfico', were Figueroa's contribution to a time that was eager to leave behind the cloud of dust raised by the Revolution. Some time later, while working at a studio that Gilberto Martínez Solares had opened on Madero Street, Figueroa befriended Alex Phillips, one of the American cinematographers employed in the nascent Mexican film industry. With his recommendation he was able to start working as a still photographer at the studios where miracles happened, like the reincarnation of Marlene Dietrich in the form of Andrea Palma.

In August 1936, after having worked as a still photographer, key grip, camera operator, and assistant cameraman, Gabriel Figueroa finally had the opportunity to become the director of photography on a feature film. Directed by Fernando de Fuentes, the movie 'Allá en el Rancho Grande' was a domestic and international success, and it established the formula for a genre that became a trademark of Mexican cinema, the 'ranchero' comedy. [From the 'Centro de la imagen' website.]

 

#1: With actress Maria Felix - photo by Allan Grant [1961]

 

'Though relatively little of Gabriel Figueroa is known to anyone outside the Spanish-speaking countries, those films that have emerged certainly wet the appetite for more. (As a side issue, when faced with a list of mainly unknown movies and directors, one wonders what masterpieces are included and what subtleties and joys abound in the worlds of, say, Fernando de Fuentes or Julio Bracho.) American directors shooting in Mexico - not surprisingly considering the visual impact - are always likely to become obsessed with the marvelous cloud formations of the Mexican landscape, and Figueroa (for Ford, Huston and Siegel) proved to be a superb foil to their demands, producing a string of classic compositions in which the people seemed dwarfed by their magnificent surroundings. Figueroa's work for Buñuel, however, is perhaps a greater indication of his ability. No shortage of landscapes here, admittedly ('Nazarín', 'Simón del desierto'), but also greater accomplishment, in both direction and camerawork, of themes and ideas. Throughout the parables of 'Nazarín', the picture of dire poverty intermixed with unconscious human desires in 'Los olvidados', and the paranoia of a neurotic bourgeois in 'Él', Figueroa's images, full of stark contrasts that seem to test the limits of black-and-white photography, show him to be a worthy collaborator to Buñuel at the height of his powers.' [David Badder in 'Film Dope', #16, February 1979.]


 

 FILMS & TELEVISION

1935

Cuernavaca [Rolando Aguilar] b&w; doc/?m

1936

Las mujeres mandan/His Great Adventure [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; cph: Jack Draper

1936

Allá en el Rancho Grande/Cruz/Out On the Big Ranch [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1936

Desfile deportivo [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; doc/?m; cph: Jack Draper, Alex Phillips Sr., Alvaro González & Agustín Delgado

1936

Petróleo/La sangre del mundo [Arturo Mom & Fernando de Fuentes] b&w; doc/19m; cph: Adolfo Slazy & Manuel Álvarez Bravo

1937

Bajo el cielo de México/Beneath the Sky of Mexico [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1937

Jalisco nunca pierde/Jalisco Never Loses [Chano Urueta] b&w

1937

Canción del alma/Song of the Soul [Chano Urueta] b&w

1937

La Adelita [Guillermo Hernández Gómez] b&w

1937

Mi candidato/My Candidate [Chano Urueta] b&w

1938

Refugiados en Madrid/Refugees in Madrid [Alejandro Galindo] b&w

1938

Padre de más de cuatro [Robert Quigley] b&w

1938

La casa del ogro/The House of the Ogre [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1938

Los millones de Chaflán [Rolando Aguilar] b&w

1938

Mientras México duerme/While Mexico Sleeps [Alejandro Galindo] b&w

1938

La bestia negra/Mi negra o su negra/The Black Beast [Gabriel Soria] b&w

1939

La noche de los mayas/Night of the Mayas [Chano Urueta] b&w

1939

Papacito lindo/¡El viejo verde!/Sugar Daddy [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1939

Los de abajo/Con la División del Norte [Chano Urueta] b&w

1939

La canción del milagro/The Miracle Song [Rolando Aguilar] b&w

1939

¡Que viene mi marido! [Chano Urueta] b&w

1940

Allá en el trópico [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1940

El jefe máximo [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1940

Con su amable permiso [Fernando Soler] b&w

1940

El monje loco [Alejandro Galindo] b&w

1940

Creo en Dios/Secreto de confesión/Believe in God [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1941

Ni sangre, ni arena/Neither Blood Nor Sand [Alejandro Galindo] b&w; collab ph: Agustín Delgado, Jack Draper & Raúl Martínez Solares

1941

El rápido de las 9:15 [Alejandro Galindo] b&w

1941

¡Ay, qué tiempos, senor don Simón! [Julio Bracho] b&w

1941

La casa del rencor [Gilberto Martínez Solares] b&w

1941

El gendarme desconocido [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1941

La gallina clueca/The Cackling Hen [Fernando de Fuentes] b&w

1941

Virgen de medianoche/El imperio del Hampa [Alejandro Galindo] b&w

1941

Mi viuda alegre/My Merry Widow [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1942

Cuando viajan las estrellas/When the Stars... [Alberto Gout] b&w

1942

Historia de un gran amor [Julio Bracho] b&w

1942

Los tres mosqueteros/The Three Musketeers [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1942

El verdugo de Sevilla [Fernando Soler] b&w

1942

La virgen que forjó una patria/The Saint That Forged a Country [Julio Bracho] b&w

1942

El circo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1943

Flor silvestre/Wild Flower [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1943

El espectro de la novia [René Cardona] b&w

1943

El as negro [René Cardona] b&w

1943

La mujer sin cabeza [René Cardona] b&w

1943

Distinto amanecer/Another Dawn [Julio Bracho] b&w

1943

María Candelaria/Xochimilco/Portrait of Maria [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1943

La fuga [Norman Foster] b&w

1944

El corsario negro/The Black Pirate [Chano Urueta] b&w

1944

El intruso/The Intruder [Mauricio Magdaleno] b&w

1944

Adiós, Mariquita linda [Alfonso Patiño Gómez] b&w; cph: Victor Herrera

1944

Las abandonadas [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1944

Más allá del amor [Adolfo Fernández Bustamante] b&w

1944

Bugambilia [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1945

Un día con el diablo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1945

Cantaclaro [Julio Bracho] b&w

1945

La perla/The Pearl [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1946

Su última aventura/The Last Adventure [Gilberto Martínez Solares] b&w

1946

Enamorada/Girl in Love [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1946

The Fugitive [John Ford & (uncred) Emilio Fernández] b&w; replaced ph Gregg Toland, who couldn't ph the film because of a contract dispute

1947

La casa colorada [Miguel Morayta] b&w

 

 

1947

Río Escondido/Hidden River [Emilio Fernández] b&w-c; murals by Diego Rivera ph in color by Luis Osorno Barona

1947

María la O [Adolfo Fernández Bustamante] b&w

1947

Tarzan and the Mermaids [Robert Florey] b&w; co-assoc ph; ph: Jack Draper

1948

Maclovia [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1948

Dueña y señora [Tito Davison] b&w

1948

Medianoche/Midnight [Tito Davison] b&w

 

 

1948

Salón México/Mujer Mala [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1948

Pueblerina/Town Tale [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1948

Prisión de sueños [Víctor Urruchúa] b&w

1949

El embajador [Tito Davison] b&w

1949

Opio/La droga maldita [Ramón Peón] b&w

1949

La malquerida [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1949

Un cuerpo de mujer [Tito Davison] b&w

1949

Duelo en las montañas [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1949

The Torch/Beloved/Bandit General/Del odio nació el amor [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1949

Nuestras vidas [Ramón Peón] b&w

1950

Un día de vida [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1950

Los olvidados/The Young and the Damned [Luis Buñuel] b&w

1950

Víctimas del pecado/Hell's Kitchen [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1950

Pecado [Luis César Amadori] b&w

1950

Islas Marías [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1950

El gavilán pollero [Rogelio A. González] b&w

1950

El bombero atómico/The Atomic Fireman [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w; or ph Jack Draper

1950

Viva Zapata! [Elia Kazan] turned down prod because he didn't like the script; ph by Joe MacDonald (1951)

1950

Siempre tuya [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1951

Los pobres van al cielo [Jaime Salvador] b&w

1951

Un gallo en corral ajeno/The Straying Rooster [Julián Soler] b&w

1951

La bienamada [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1951

Hay un niño en su futura [Fernando Cortés] b&w

1951

El mar y tú [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1951

Ahí viene Martín Corona/Little Love of My Life [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1951

El enamorado/El regreso de Martín Corona/Vuelve Martín Corona [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1952

El rebozo de Soledad/Soledad's Shawl [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1952

Ni pobres ni ricos [Fernando Cortés] b&w

1952

Cuando levanta la niebla [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1952

Crisol de pensamiento mexicano [Alejandro Galindo] b&w; doc/20m; cph: Alex Phillips Sr., Agustín Jiménez & José Ortiz Ramos

1952

El señor fotógrafo [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1952

Dos tipos de cuidado/Two Careful Fellows [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w

1952

Ansiedad/Anxiety [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1952

Él/This Strange Passion/Torments [Luis Buñuel] b&w

1953

Camelia [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1953

Llévame en tus brazos [Julio Bracho] b&w

1953

El niño y la niebla [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1953

La rosa blanca/Momentos de la vida de Martí/The White Rose [Emilio Fernández & (uncred) Íñigo de Martino] b&w

1954

La rebelión de los colgados [Alberto B. Crevenna & Emilio Fernández] b&w

1954

La mujer X [Julián Soler] b&w

1954

Pueblo, canto y esperanza [Mexican seg dir by Rogelio A. González] b&w; 3 seg; other ph: ?

1954

Estafa de amor [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1954

El monstruo de la sombra [Zacarías Gómez Urquiza] b&w

1955

La doncella de piedra [Miguel M. Delgado] cs/c

1955

Historia de un amor [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1955

La Escondida/The Hidden One [Roberto Gavaldón] scope/c

1955

La Tierra del Fuego se apaga [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1955

Canasta de cuentos mexicanos [Julio Bracho] cs/c

1956

Una cita de amor [Emilio Fernández] b&w

1956

Sueños de oro [Miguel Zacarías] c

1956

El bolero de Raquel [Miguel M. Delgado] c

1956

Mujer en condominio [Rogelio A. González] b&w

1957

Aquí está Heraclio Bernal [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1957

La venganza de Heraclio Bernal/El rayo de sinaloa [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1957

La rebelión de la sierra/La ley de la sierra o El ocaso de Heraclio Bernal [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1957

Flor de mayo/Beyond All Limits/A Mexican Affair [Roberto Gavaldón] c; Spanish- & English-language versions

1957

Maricruz [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1957

Una golfa [Tulio Demicheli] b&w

1957

La sonrisa de la virgen/Little Angel [Roberto Rodríguez & K. Gordon Murray] Colorscope/c

1958

Carabina 30-30 [Miguel M. Delgado] c

1958

Impaciencia del corazón/Impatient Heart [Tito Davison] c

1958

Café Colón [Benito Alazraki] c

1958

Isla para dos/Island for Two [Tito Davison] c

1958

La Cucaracha/The Soldiers of Pancho Villa [lsmael Rodríguez] c

 

 

1958

Nazarín [Luis Buñuel] b&w

1958

La estrella vacía/The Empty Star [Emilio Gómez Muriel] c

1959

Sonatas/Las aventuras del marqués de Bradomin [Juan Antonio Bardem] c; ph Mexico seq; ph: Cecilio Paniagua

1959

La fièvre monte à El Pao/Los ambiciosos/Republic of Sin/Fever Rises in El Pao [Luis Buñuel] b&w

1959

Macario [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1959

La joven/The Young One/Island of Shame [Luis Buñuel] b&w

1960

Juana Gallo/The Guns of Juana Gallo [Miguel Zacarías] c

1961

Los hermanos del hierro/My Son, the Hero [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w; or ph Rosalío Solano

1961

Rosa blanca [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w; released in 1972

1961

Ánimas Trujano, el hombre importante [lsmael Rodríguez] cs/b&w

1961

El tejedor de milagros/The Weaver of Miracles [Francisco del Villar] b&w

1962

Um dia de vida [Augusto Fraga] b&w; cph: João Moreira

 

 

1962

El ángel exterminador/The Exterminating Angel (Luis Buñuel] b&w

1962

Días de otoño [Roberto Gavaldón] b&w

1962

La bandida/The Bandit [Roberto Rodríguez] c

1963

El hombre de papel/The Paper Man [lsmael Rodríguez] b&w

1963

Entrega inmediata/Agente XU 777 [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w-c

1963

En la mitad del mundo [Ramón Pereda] c

 

[Left] with Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton - "The Night of the Iguana"

 

1963

The Night of the Iguana [John Huston] b&w

1964

Escuela para solteras/Águila con las hermanas [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1964

El gallo de oro [Roberto Gavaldón] c

1964

Los tres calaveras [Fernando Cortés] b&w

1964

Los cuatro Juanes [Miguel Zacarías] b&w

1964

Simón del desierto/Simon of the Desert [Luis Buñuel] b&w; short/43m

1965

Amor, amor, amor [seg 'Las dos Elenas' dir by José Luis Ibáñez, 'Un alma pura' dir by Juan Ibáñez & 'Lola de mi vida' dir by Miguel Barbachano-Ponce] b&w; 5 seg; other ph: Antonio Reynoso

1965

Cargamento prohibido [Miguel M. Delgado] b&w

1965

¡Viva Benito Canales! [Miguel M. Delgado] c

 

[Right] with John Gavin - "Pedro Páramo"

 

1966

Pedro Páramo [Carlos Velo] b&w

1966

El asesino se embarca [Miguel M. Delgado] c

1966

El escapulario [Servando González] b&w

1966

Domingo salvaje [Francisco del Villar] b&w

1966

El cuarto chino/The Chinese Room [Albert Zugsmith] c

1966

Su excelencia [Miguel M. Delgado] c; cph: Rosalío Solano

1966

Los ángeles de Puebla [Francisco del Villar] c

1967

El jinete fantasma/El pistolero fantasma/The Phantom Gunslinger/The Phantom Rider [Albert Zugsmith] b&w

1967

Mariana [Juan Guerrero] c

1967

Corazón salvaje [Tito Davison] c; cph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1967

¿Pax?/¿Paz?/Peace? [Santiago Genovés Tarazaga] c; doc/133m

1968

The Big Cube/El terrón de azúcar [Tito Davison] c

1968

Narda o el verano/Narda or the Summer [Juan Guerrero] c

1968

La puerta y la mujer del carnicero/The Door and the Woman of the Butcher [seg 'La puerta' (26m) dir by Luis Alcoriza] c; 2 seg; cph: Alex Phillips Sr.; seg 'La mujer del carnicero' (59m) dir by Ismael Rodríguez and ph by Juan Manuel Herrera & (uncred) Raúl Martínez Solares

1968

Kelly's Heroes [Brian G. Hutton] p (+ 70bu)/c; 2uc: H.A.R. Thomson

1969

The Great Sex War/Make Love Not War [Norman Foster] c

 

[Left] with Don Siegel - "Two Mules for Sister Sara"

Photo Thys Ockersen Archive

 

1969

Two Mules for Sister Sara [Don Siegel] p/c; 2uc: Gabriel Torres

1970

La Generala [Juan Ibáñez] c

1970

El cielo y tú [Gilberto Gazcón] c

1970

El profe/The Professor [Miguel M. Delgado] c

1971

Los hijos de Satanás/Y los llamaban Satanás [Rafael Baledón] c

1971

Hijazo de mi vidaza/Aventuras en el tiempo/Son of My Life [Rafael Baledón] c

1971

María/Marie [Tito Davison] c

1972

El festin de la loba [Francisco del Villar] c

1972

El señor de Osanto [Jaime Humberto Hermosillo] c

1972

El monasterio de los buitres [Francisco del Villar] c

1972

Once Upon a Scoundrel [George Schaefer] c

1972

Interval/Intervalo [Daniel Mann] c

1973

El amor tiene cara de mujer [Tito Davison] c

1973

Los perros de Dios [Francisco del Villar] c

1974

El llanto de la tortuga [Francisco del Villar] c

1974

Presagio/Presage [Luis Alcoriza] c

1975

Coronación/Coronation [Sergio Olhovich] c

 

"La vida cambia"

 

1975

La vida cambia/Life Changes [Juan Manuel Torres] c

1975

Maten al león [José Estrada] p/c

1976

Balún Canán [Benito Alazraki] c

1976

Cananea [Marcela Fernández Violante] c

1976

Los aztecas/Los guerreros del sol/El águila que cae [Marcel Boudou] tv-doc/59m

1977

Divinas palabras [Juan Ibáñez] c

1977

La casa del pelícano [Sergio Véjar] c

 

"The Children of Sanchez" - © [courtesy of] Rene Gaston, AMC

 

1977

The Children of Sanchez [Hall Bartlett] c

1977

México mágico [François Reichenbach] c; doc/?m

1978

A paso de cojo [Luis Alcoriza] c

1978

Te quiero [Tito Davison] c

1979

The Border/The Blood Barrier/Border Cop [Christopher Leitch] c

1980

El jugador de ajedrez [Juan Luis Buñuel] tvm/50m

1981

D.F./Distrito Federal [Rogelio A. González] c

1981

México 2000 [Rogelio A. González] c

1981

El héroe desconocido [Julián Pastor] c

1982

El corazón de la noche/The Heart of the Night [Jaime Humberto Hermosillo] c

1983

Under the Volcano [John Huston] c; filmed 1983-84

1984

Rambo: First Blood Part II [George P. Cosmatos] was asked to ph this film, but turned it down; ph by Jack Cardiff

1984

Prizzi's Honor [John Huston] scheduled as doph, but he didn't get a working permit; ph by Andrzej Bartkowiak

1986

El maleficio II [Raúl Araiza] c; cph: José Ortiz Ramos

 

 MISCELLANEOUS

1931

¡Qué Viva México! [Sergei Eisenstein] c.asst; ph: Eduard Tisse; unfinished; filming started in Dec 1930, prod shut down in Jan 1932; several films were edited from this footage

1932

Revolución [o La sombra de Pancho Villa] [Miguel Contreras Torres & Antonio Moreno] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr. & Ezequiel Carrasco

1933

Almas encontradas/Souls in Conflict [Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Ross Fisher

1933

El vuelo glorioso de Barberán y Collar [René Cardona; doc] c.op; ph: ?

1933

Juárez y Maximiliano/La caída de un imperio [Miguel Contreras Torres & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr., a.o.

1933

Sagrario [Ramón Peón] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

Profanación/Desecration [Chano Urueta] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

La noche del pecado/The Night of Sin [Miguel Contreras Torres] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

Enemigos/Enemies [Chano Urueta] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

La mujer del puerto [Arcady Boytler & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

La sangre manda/The Call of the Blood [José Bohr & Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1933

Viva Villa! [Howard Hawks] co-c.op military parade seq; ph: James Wong Howe

1934

Chucho el roto [Gabriel Soria] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1934

Corazón Bandolero [Raphael J. Sevilla] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1934

El escándalo/The Scandal [Chano Urueta] lighting; ph: Victor Herrera

1934

Tribu [Miguel Contreras Torres] still ph; ph: Alex Phillips Sr.

1934

El primo Basilio [Carlos de Nájera] lighting; ph: Alvin Wyckoff

1935

María Elena [Raphael J. Sevilla] c.op (+ lighting); ph: Jack Draper, Alvin Wyckoff & William Clothier; English- & Spanish-language versions

1935

Vámonos con Pancho Villa/Let's Go with Pancho Villa [Fernando de Fuentes] c.op; ph: Jack Draper

1935

Splendor [Elliott Nugent] intern; ph: Gregg Toland

1936

Cielito lindo/Beautiful Sky [Roberto Gavaldón & Roberto O'Quigley (= Robert Quigley)] c.op; ph: Jack Draper