GREAT CINEMATOGRAPHERS


#1: Photo by Pierre Lhomme

#3: [Left] with dir Robert Bresson - "au hasard balthazar" [1965]

 

   


GHISLAIN CLOQUET

 

Born: 18 April 1924, Antwerp, Belgium, as Ghislain Pierre Cloquet.

Died: 2 November 1981, Montainville, France.

Education: In Brussels until 1940, then in Paris. Studied film at l'École Nationale de Photographie et de Cinématographie de la rue de Vaugirard [1943-44 & 1945-46] and the IDHEC [1946-47].

Career: Became French citizen in 1940. Entered industry in 1947 as 2nd c.asst. Became 1st c.asst, later c.op working with doph Edmond Séchan, Louis Page, Roger Arrignon, a.o. Was under contract to French ORTF-tv [1963-64].

Was in charge of cinematography courses at the IDHEC [1954-62]. Founded - with Raymond Ravar, Antoine Bonfanti & André Delvaux - the INSAS, the French-speaking Belgian film academy. Worked there for 2 months every year from 1962-74. Since 1974, director of studies at the IDHEC.

Ph commercials.

Was a member of the AFC and the ASC.

Was married to script girl Sophie Becker, daughter of dir Jacques Becker [1906-60]. His son Arthur [b. 1954] is a c.op and doph.

Awards: 'Oscar' AA [1980; shared], 'César' Award [1980], LAFCA Award [1980; shared], NYFCC Award [1980; shared], BSC Award nom [1981; shared]  & BAFTA Film Award [1982; shared] for 'Tess'.



From interview

 

'In the 70's movie photography generally has reached such superb standards that only the very best cameramen stand out from the crowd. Ghislain Cloquet is one of these. Like all great cameramen, his genius lies in his ability to embody the director's vision in the textures and tones of his images. From a career crowded with outstanding achievements, in both color and monochrome, mention should be given to (color) the leisurely and graceful camera movements and incandescent lighting of 'Les demoiselles de Rochefort' and 'Peau d'âne', and (monochrome) the restless, bravura camerawork and masterly chiaroscuro of 'Mickey One'. To my mind, however, Cloquet surpasses even his own high standards in each of his films for André Delvaux. In these mysterious and hermetic works, Cloquet often achieves, with photography of breathtaking beauty and delicacy, textures that are almost painterly, as in the shot (in 'Rendez-vous à Bray') of Anna Karina looking out of a window whilst holding a mixing bowl, a composition of which Vermeer would have been proud.' [David Badder in 'Film Dope', #7, April 1975.]


 

 FEATURE FILMS

1956

Brahim (ou le collier de beignets) [Jean Flechet] b&w

1956

Me and the Colonel [Peter Glenville] b&w; 2uc; ph: Burnett Guffey

1957

Un amour de poche/Girl in His Pocket [Pierre Kast] c

1958

Les naufrageurs [Charles Brabant] ds/b&w

1958

Le bel âge/Love Is When You Make It! [Pierre Kast] b&w; cph: Sacha Vierny

1959

Le trou/The Night Watch [Jacques Becker] b&w

1959

Classe tous risques/The Big Risk [Claude Sautet] b&w

1960

Les honneurs de la guerre/The Honors of War [Jean Dewever] b&w; cph: Georges Lévy

1961

La belle Américaine/The American Beauty [Robert Dhéry] b&w-c

1961

Un nommé La Rocca/A Man Named Rocca [Jean Becker] b&w

1961

Carillons sans joie [Charles Brabant] ds/b&w

1963

Le feu follet/The Fire Within/A Time to Live and a Time to Die [Louis Malle] b&w

 

[Black cap] with Arthur Penn and Warren Beatty - "Mickey One"

 

1964

Mickey One [Arthur Penn] b&w

1964

L'arme à gauche/The Dictator's Gun [Claude Sautet] b&w; cph: Walter Wottitz

1965

Pas de caviar pour tante Olga [Jean Becker] b&w

 

[Behind camera] - "De man die zijn haar kort liet knippen"

 

1965

De man die zijn haar kort liet knippen/L'homme au crâne rasé/The Man Who Had His Hair Cut Short [André Delvaux] b&w

1965

au hasard balthazar [Robert Bresson] b&w

 

[Left] with dir Jacques Demy

"Les demoiselles de Rochefort"

 

1966

Les demoiselles de Rochefort/The Young Girls of Rochefort [Jacques Demy] fs/c; restored by Agnès Varda in 1996

1966

Mouchette [Robert Bresson] b&w

1967

Un soir... un train/One Night... a Train/De trein der traagheid [André Delvaux] c

1967

Benjamin [ou les mémoires d'un puceau]/The Diary of an Innocent Boy [Michel Deville] c

1968

Mazel tov ou le mariage/Marry Me! Marry Me! [Claude Berri] c

1968

Une femme douce/A Gentle Creature [Robert Bresson] c

1969

La maison des Bories [Jacques Doniol-Valcroze] c

1970

La ville-bidon/La décharge [Jacques Baratier] c

1970

Peau d'âne/Donkey Skin/Once Upon a Time [Jacques Demy] c

1970

Quatre nuits d'un rêveur/Four Nights of a Dreamer [Robert Bresson] c; gangster seq ph; ph: Pierre Lhomme

1971

Rendez-vous à Bray/Appointment in Bray [André Delvaux] c

1971

Pouce!/Thumbs Up [Pierre Badel] c

1971

Faustine et le bel été [Nina Companéez] c

1972

Les fous du stade/Stadium Nuts [Claude Zidi] c

1972

Nathalie Granger [Marguerite Duras] b&w

1972

Au rendez-vous de la mort joyeuse/Expulsion of the Devil [Juan Luis Buñuel] c

1972

La femme du Gange/Woman of the Ganges [Marguerite Duras] c; ph: Jean Mascolo & Bruno Nuytten (G. Cloquet did not collaborate on this film)

1973

Belle [André Delvaux] c; cph: Charlie Van Damme

1973

L'histoire très bonne et très joyeuse de Colinot Trousse-Chemise/The Edifying and Joyous Story of Colinot [Nina Companéez] c

1973

Le boucher, la star et l'orpheline/Eulalie quitte les champs [Jérôme Savary] c; cph: William Lubtchansky

1973

Dites-le avec des fleurs [Pierre Grimblat] scope/c

1974

Love and Death [Woody Allen] c

1975

Monsieur Albert [Jacques Renard] c

1978

Tess [Roman Polanski] p/c; cph: Geoffrey Unsworth; finished film after the death of G. Unsworth

1979

Chère inconnue/I Sent a Letter to My Love [Moshe Mizrahi] c

1980

Four Friends/Georgia's Friends/Georgia [Arthur Penn] c

 

 SHORTS & DOCUMENTARIES

1950

Une ligne sans incident [Marc Magnin] ?

1950

Soldats d'eau douce [Jean Leduc] ?; short/23m

1951

Curare et curarisants de synthèse [Jacques Lemoigne & Pierre Huguénard] ?; cph: Maurice Blettery

 

 

1952

Les statues meurent aussi/Statues Also Die [Alain Resnais, Chris Marker & Ghislain Cloquet] b&w; doc/30m; first screened in 1953 - released in cut version in 1961 - complete film shown in 1968

1952

Saint-Tropez, devoir de vacances [Paul Paviot] b&w; doc/23m

1952

Aux frontières de l'homme [Nicole Védrès & Jean Rostand] b&w; doc/20m; cph: N. Védrès

1953

Lumière et l'invention du Cinématographe/Louis Lumière [Paul Paviot] b&w; doc/33m

1953

La belle journée [Marcel Gibaud] ?

1953

Statues d'épouvante/Le cubisme/L'école de Paris [Robert Hessens] 16mm/b&w; doc/24m

1954

Pantomimes [Paul Paviot] c; short/20m

1954

Conte à dormir debout [Jean-Charles Lagneau] ?; short/?m

1954

Deux bobines et un fil [François Villiers] ?

1954

Neiges [Jean-Jacques Languépin] c; short/20m; cph: André Dumaître, Georges Strouvé & Sacha Vierny

 

 

1955

Nuit et brouillard/Night and Fog [Alain Resnais] 16mm-35bu/b&w-c; doc/32m; cph: Sacha Vierny

1956

Le ciel est par-dessus le toit/Le roman d'un constructeur/Ma famille et mon toit [Jean-Pierre Decourt] 16mm/b&w; short/26m

1956

Toute la mémoire du monde [Alain Resnais] b&w; doc/21m

1957

Le mystère de l'atelier quinze [Alain Resnais & André Heinrich] b&w; short/18m; cph: Sacha Vierny

1958

Chopin [Jean Mitry & Theodora Olembert] b&w; mus doc/22m; ph scenes dir by T. Olembert; other ph: Sammy Brill & Henry Hall

1959

La caravane passe [Jean-Pierre Decourt] c; doc/9m

1960

Description d'un combat/Description of a Struggle [Chris Marker] c; doc/60m

1961

Vive le Tour! [Louis Malle] c; doc/18m; cph: L. Malle & Jacques Ertaud

1961

Touiste encore [Louis Malle] c; doc/11m; edited from 'Vive le Tour!' footage

1962

Le poulet/The Chicken [Claude Berri] b&w; short/22m

1964

Le pain et le vin [Serge Witta] ?; short/14m

1967

Loin du Vietnam/Far from Vietnam [Alain Resnais, William Klein, Joris Ivens, Agnès Varda, Claude Lelouch & Jean-Luc Godard; Chris Marker (superv)] 16mm+35mm-to-35mm/b&w-c; doc/120m; 11 seg + intro & epilogue; ph seg dir by Agnès Varda (cut from film before release); other ph: Jean Boffety, Willy Kurant, Alain Levent, Bernard Zitzermann, Denys Clerval & Kieu Tham

1970

Travailler en usine [Jean-Pierre Chartier] c; doc/500mtr

1970

C'était un jour comme les autres [Jean-Pierre Chartier] ?; doc/?m

1978

The Secret Life of Plants [Walon Green] p/c; doc/98m; cph: Bob Bailin, David Myers, Daniel Pearl, Robert Primes, a.o.; natural history ph: Ken Middleham

 

 TELEVISION

1960

L'exécution [Maurice Cazeneuve] tvm

1963

Le cinéma polonais [André Delvaux] 9-part doc series/b&w/16mm

1963

Un panier de chat [J. Villa] ?

1963

La belle marinière [Jean-Pierre Marchand] tvm

1964

La chambre [Michel Mitrani] tvm

1968

Le danseur [Maurice Béjart] doc/50m

1969

Charles Aznavour [Jean-Christophe Averty] ep series 'Music Hall de France'

1974

Histoires insolites [ep 'Une dernière fois Catherine' dir by Pierre Grimblat] 11-part series; other ph: Jacques Loiseleux, Jean Rabier & Claude Robin

1977

Madame le juge [ep #2 'Monsieur Bais' dir by Claude Barma] 6-part series; other ph: Alain Levent, Jean Rabier, a.o.

1977

Claudine à Paris [Edouard Molinaro] tvm

 

 FILMS AS CAMERA ASSISTANT/OPERATOR

1947

Blanc comme neige [André Berthomieu] 2nd c.asst; ph: Fred Langenfeld

1948

Cent ans de mission [Jean-Jacques Méhu; short] 2nd c.asst; ph: Edmond Séchan

1948

Mademoiselle de la Ferte [Roger Dallier & (superv) Georges Lacombe] 2nd c.asst; ph: ?

1948

L'évangile de la pierre [André Bureau; doc] c.asst; ph: Edmond Séchan & André Villard

1949

Retour à la vie [seg #5 'Le retour de Jean' dir by Henri-Georges Clouzot] 2nd c.asst; ph: Louis Page

1949

La perspective/Le dessin de perspective [Georges Régnier; short] 1st c.asst; ph: ?; also part of 'Le dessin' (1952)

1949

La profession de géomètre expert [Marcel Gibaud; short] 1st c.asst; ph: ?

1949

Moissons d'aujourd'hui/Chevaux d'acier [Jacques Dupont; short] 1st c.asst; ph: Edmond Séchan

1949

Pétrole de la Gironde [Jacques Lemoigne; doc] c.op; ph: ?

1949

Un certain monsieur [Yves Ciampi] 2nd c.asst; ph: Roger Arrignon

1950

Georges Braque [André Bureau; doc] 1st c.asst; ph: André Villard

1950

L'espoir au village [Serge de Boissac; short] 1st c.asst; ph: ?

1950

Hommes des oasis [Georges Régnier; short] 1st c.asst; ph: Roger Arrignon

1950

Les musiciens de la mine [Jean-Jacques Méhu; doc] c.op; ph: ?

1950

Avalanche [Raymond Segard] 1st c.asst; ph: Roger Arrignon

1951

La petite diligence [Georges Croses; short] c.op; ph: ?

1951

Labor Goes to School [Georges Croses; short] 1st c.asst; ph: ?

1951

The Green Glove/The Gauntlet/The White Road [Rudolph Maté] 1st c.asst; ph: Claude Renoir

1952

Il est minuit, docteur Schweitzer/Dr. Schweitzer [André Haguet] 1st c.asst; ph: Lucien Joulin

1953

La classe de mathématiques [Daniel Lecomte; short] c.op; ph: ?

1953

La classe de lettres [Daniel Lecomte; short] c.op; ph: ?

1953

La classe d'histoire [Daniel Lecomte; short] c.op; ph: ?

1953

L'homme à l'oeillet blanc [Jacques Séverac; short] c.op; ph: ?

1953

Le grand pavois/The Big Flag [Jacques Pinoteau] 1st c.asst; ph: Roger Arrignon

1954

Napoléon [Sacha Guitry] 1st c.asst 2u; 2uc: Roger Dormoy; ph: Pierre Montazel

1955

Les possédées/Passionate Summer [Charles Brabant] c.op; ph: Edmond Séchan

1956

Les aventures d'Arsène Lupin [Jacques Becker] c.op; ph: Edmond Séchan

1957

Le piège/No Escape [Charles Brabant] c.op; ph: Edmond Séchan

 

 MISCELLANEOUS

1982

Sans soleil/Sunless [Chris Marker; doc] co-friend/adviser (Paris); ph: Chris Marker, Jean-Michel Humeau, a.o.